By the time。 By the time là gì? Cấu trúc, cách sử dụng như thế nào trong tiếng Anh?

by the time

Patterns with the past in the main clause and the past perfect after before, after, or by the time seem less awkward, but less used than other possible combinations. This means we missed some of the beginning of the movie. Or I can say, "he came to the party early" and I'm referring to the time he arrived. She left after he had arrived. UNTIL Until marks the end-point of a continuous activity or state. Not better, but maybe a possible alternative The use of "had" is the typical use: to place some event further in the past than something else in the past. However, there's a bit of ambiguity in the word "comes", which is not enough to indicate a specific point in time. The exact time of occurrence is not important. How do you spell by the time in a sentence? assessment N — estimation in this case, the point for evaluating the progress or completion of the other activity complement N — in grammar, a word, phrase or clause that completes the meaning of another element in the clause. In order to help, I'll write two sentences, both correct, and tell you what those mean. In the case of your original two sentences, I think that both are acceptable in AE and that the meaning is the same. He will arrive here after we have left. I had to go away for a couple of weeks and by the time I got back the garden was full of weeds. 2 A past verb form is used in the by-the-time phrase when the main clause expresses past progressive timing. According to the key to one of the exercises in English Grammar in Use, both are possible, but I really fail to see why. POSSIBLY BEFORE, NO LATER THAN ACTIVITY By the time she was 18 months, she was walking. CATEGORIES: NP —noun phrase; N — noun; VP — verb phrase; V — verb; Det — ; PP — prepositional phrase; P — preposition; AdvP — adverb phrase; Adv — adverb; AdjP— adjective phrase; Adj — adjective FUNCTIONS: Subject: Subject, Predicate: Predicator V Complements: elements required by verb Object, Indirect Object, Predicative Complement Adjuncts: optional modifiers Adj, Adv• In 'By the time the police arrived, the two men had disappeared' we have a time sequence that makes sense. I changed the verb tense to make this sentence correct, because when you use the word "at," you are saying that the lesson ended when you walked in the door. The incident, which took place outside the 91st floor of the Shanghai World Financial Centre, lasted for 15 minutes with their cradle slamming into a wall at one point, sending glass flying into the building and down to the ground. Demand for water will have been increased ten times. Many hope that these problems will have been solving so that the project can continue. He arrived at school by the time the lesson had finished. I can say, "Before he comes here , make sure he has his wallet" and I'm referring to a point in time before he even leaves his house. Computers will operate aircraft with sensors, which will make them incapable of having collisions with other aircraft or phenomena of nature. The lesson had ended by the time I arrived. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE—ROUTINE They are usually eating dinner by the time we arrive. First of all consider two lines:• She had left no later than the time he arrived She had left that city since he arrived there. By the time the police have arrived, the men will have escaped. PRESENT ROUTINE The sun has already set by the time I get home everyday. " Do you think that my attempt could be correct as well? I believe the British may have different preferences. My grammar book advanced grammar in used by Martin Hewings says that this sentence "I'll probably have finished breakfast by the time the children got up" is wrong. By 2020, we will have restored all the animated films. " at some point before avant que loc conj locution conjonction: groupe de mots qui servent de conjonction. The latest point in time at which her walking began—18 months. Also, although you are completely correct I'd point out that you'd never say 2 because if you were describing that it ended at the same time you would want to emphasize the timing by saying something like "The lesson ended just as I arrived". The traffic was so bad that by the time I got to the office I was 20 minutes late. This is just standard usage of the past perfect. By the time we reached home, the sun had completely set. Art in Island, a museum in Manila, created by a group of Korean artists, features over a hundred unique three dimensional paintings that encourage people to pose in front of them. By this time next year, the complete film archive will have been rescued by our restoration team. The original estimate for building the high-speed rail was around 40 billion. Will we have stopped looking at our differences and start seeing our common goals? Before he comes here , we will have already left. She had left by the time he arrived. PAST PERFECT—OBSERVATION They had eaten dinner by the time we arrived. This is used: She walked until she was 95. Problems that grounded the Concorde SST will have being resolved by engineers, and passenger aircraft will travel at a speed of Mach 0. That is, the doer or source of the activity is the subject of the main clause. See When denotes a point of time whereas by denotes an interval of time. What would be a possible outcome? html ---- Alice in Wonderland by Carroll, Lewis - Chapter 11 Dormouse turned out, and, by the time they had settled down again, the cook had disappeared. The state expects to complete a 130-mile initial construction segment from Merced to Bakersfield in the Central Valley by 2017. PAST PERFECT OBSERVATION PAST—TIME POINT They had finished their work by then. Seemingly indicating to me that his goal was to get there by then at the latest, and he succeeded by arriving when or before the lesson was over. By the time we got to the cinema, the film had already started. PAST The sun had already set by the time I got home. By then, it hopes to have been made a final selection for a route to the San Francisco Bay Area. and at that time the police had already arrived at 8 a. According to Mac Millan Dictionary,• By this time next year, we will have digitized all the classic films. California has been trying to build a high-speed rail train as a clean-energy alternative for travel within the state. , the two variants are the same for me. The boy in the back of the room wants to talk to you. no later than 18 months of age. By the time he arrived at school, the lesson had finished. You could reword as follows:• Before he leaves from his place , we will have already left. Will we be able to share earth's resources? The patterns with the main clause in either simple past or past perfect with the subordinate clause in the simple past seem to me to be the most useful patterns. I have a slight preference for the first. But then we asked: what if VRSA got into a genetically-modified crop? The boy who is waiting wants to talk to you. interval N — a period of time, a range of time from X time to Y time. Before he comes here , we will have already left. PROGRESSIVE — ONGOING 1 A present tense verb form is used in the by-the-time phrase when the main clause expresses present or future progressive timing. " Are these correct understandings of the different placement? This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. When completed, about 3,500 people are expected to work in the new building: some 2,500 New York Times Company employees, including many who will be relocated from the building at 229 West 43rd Street occupied by the Times Company since 1913; and approximately 1,000 people In the stores and offices leased by FCRC. The nightclub was really swinging by the time we got there. This sentence is used correctly. Suggesting that he is late, the lesson is completely over, and he has missed it. However, the same doesn't hold true for 'By the time the police had arrived, the two men had disappeared. FUTURE PROGRESSIVE The sun will be setting when I get home. " By the time we had digested this information we seemed to have come a long way from our starting point of GM. The steepness of the climb took us by surprise, so we'd had a pretty good workout by the time we got to the top of the mountain. However, by 2100, companies have replaced phone trees with human operators. The system will extend from San Francisco and Sacramento, via the Central Valley, to Los Angeles and San Diego via the Inland Empire. By 18 months of age, she wasn't crawling anymore. OTHER EXPRESSIONS She started walking She was walking She was walking sometime before 18 mos. FUTURE PROGRESSIVE The sun will be setting by the time I get home. FUTURE PERFECT PREDICTION FUTURE TIME—POINT They will have finished their work by tomorrow. By the time the police had arrived, the two men had disappeared. Will we have understood that violence and war only cause pain and despair? It makes no sense to me use the past perfect twice and therefore I would say 1. You may find yourself quotations from literature involving "by the past" by performing a search at: with: site:literaturepost. Personally, I would have chosen had already. The word "by" just means the lesson ended before you arrived. Please be sure to answer the question. INITIAL CLAUSE A comma separates the by-the-time clause from the main clause when it is placed initially before. It suggests I'm now speaking at 10 a. The boundaries between entertainment and education will disappear. Hi guys, I'll write here because the main topic is quite the same. We worked up quite an appetite moving furniture all day, so by the time supper arrived we were ready for a big meal. There may be occasions where it is necessary or desirable to use any one of the possible combinations of past and past perfect, so I would not call it a rule. By this time next year, all the animated films will have been restored. by the time that you are arriving. She had been proposed to five times by the time she was twenty. At first, I thought that it was incorrect because of the use of " got up". We will have left some time before he arrives. LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION In linguistic description of temporal location expressions, by the time is a prepositional phrase PP ; that is, by P has as its complement— the time NP ; which has as its complement— a clause. This is the exact situation which calls for a perfect tense. Ex : "parce que", "depuis que" quand, lorsque conj conjonction: mot de liaison entre deux propositions. By the time the train is actually built in 2030, the cost will have rose to five times that amount. We will have already left before he arrives. More informal and conversational. SOLUTION By the time I arrive, they will be eating dinner. What picture do you have of the future? The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. The end point of her crawling—from about 6 months to 18 months. In other cases, the complement is not absolutely required but adds important modifying and identifying information. It could be argued, however, that there is a slight nuance between the two: 'have got up' may suggest that the children are already up and downstairs in the kitchen wanting their breakfast, whilst 'get up' could be understood to mean that the children are still in the process of getting up. Her boyfriend waited until she had finished calling. Patterns in which both clauses are in the past perfect seem particularly awkward to me. They eat dinner early routinely, so we eat before we get there. A very fine line: too fine to be of much importance, in my opinion. "Diagramming Sentences Exercises: Chapter 1. done PRESENT PERFECT—ROUTINE They have always eaten dinner by the time we arrive. The meeting will have broken up by the time we arrive. In linguistic description, a preposition can be complemented by a wide variety of structures unlike traditional grammar in which a preposition is complemented by an object. Some concerned people in towns such as Palo Alto have tried to block the train from passing through their neighborhoods. Window cleaners have an accident A terrifying ordeal for two window cleaners in China, as the platform they were working on began swinging violently and smashing into the building. Now I wanted to ask you, among the above two lines which one is correct and define reason to be the right and wrong. our departure is the end-point By leaving on time, we will have better traffic conditions. Your sentence is further semantically coerced to fit definition 1 by the use of "already". Public transit is expected to play a larger part in our daily lives. Or I can say, "before he comes here , have him pick up some ice" and I'm referring to his arrival, so he must pick up the ice after he leaves his house but before he gets to my house. Another thing is the difference between "At the time" and "By the time" and in what situation we will use which one If I made any mistakes in the question then please mention it in the comment. Again, 1a is correct, though 2a is also idiomatic but not very logical. Many people joke, "By the time that train is finished, I will have passed away! The sentence tells of events in a time sequence and is followed by another "But then. Edit 25 Air travel will be safer and faster. By the time X, Y" is typically used to mean that event Y occurs before X. Ex : "et, mais, si, que" You better have your chores done by the time I get home or you're in big trouble. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. By the time the police arrived, the two men had disappeared. FUTURE PERFECT The sun will have set by the time I get home. PAST PERFECT OBSERVATION PAST TIME—FRAME We had finished our work by the time that you arrived. Getting so many people to agree has been a difficult task. — available, easy to get when someone wants it phrase — be included, be instrumental in a larger plan public transit N — transportation for everyone not private resource N — a supply of something or a support or aid that can easily be used when needed sensor N — a mechanical device that is sensitive to light, temperature, radiation level, or movement, and which transmits a signal to a measuring or control instrument — Super Sonic Transport Air France Concorde valuable Adj — bringing a high price The boundaries between entertainment and education will disappear. I had a nice neat answer to this, which is that we often don't use the past perfect when it's logically possible to, and just use the simple past, as long as the time relationship is clear. Thanks for contributing an answer to English Language Learners Stack Exchange! " The start time is not important. By the time the occasion came for the enrolling of my name, an idea occurred to me which I thought would make me equal to the situation; and so, when the teacher asked me what my full name was, I calmly told him "Booker Washington," as if I had been called by that name all my life; and by that name I have since been known. Learning will be "on demand" and focused to specific needs in the world job market. Before he arrives here , we will have already left. It means that when you arrived, the lesson was already over-- a minute ago, an hour ago, five hours ago. We will be rescuing the complete film archive. It will have stopped raining by the time he comes back. It is quite correct; 2 sounds quite natural; but I can't justify the time sequence. Leave it ambiguous - it might be clarified by context. Air travel will be safer and faster. aircraft N — general term for planes; artisanal — a marketing buzz word for being hand made or produced boundaries n. You will have been given the best education available by the time you graduate four years from now. By the time we leave, we will have better traffic conditions. Before he gets here, we will have already left. had already is common in that context, but just already is also fine in American English. Energy will come from a variety of sources: wind, air, solar, hydrogen fuel, and nuclear fusion. " Until expresses an interval of time from X to Y. However, I have seen two usages of "by the time":• If he departs now, he won't make it here before we leave. : used for saying what has already happened at the time that something else happens. Again I think that both are acceptable and that the meaning is the same. milestone N — a significant event or stage in the life, progress, development of a person business, nation, etc. PAST The sun had already set when I got home. Omit "will" in the by-the-time clause. Similar to 'Be home by the time dinner is ready. By the time you return, we will have rescued the complete film archive. ' said the King, with an air of great relief. ACTIVITY POSSIBLY BEFORE, NO LATER THAN She was walking She hadn't walked by the time she was 18 months old. By November, it will be four years since the voters approved a proposition to build the project. OTHER EXPRESSIONS She crawled She crawled She started walking for 6 months. Nevertheless, the "rule", such as it is, does apply equally to before, after, and by the time, in my opinion. But that doesn't matter because you'll be gone regardless. She had left that city since the time when he arrived there. FUTURE PERFECT PASSIVE — WILL HAVE BEEN -ED By this time next year, all the classic films will have been digitized. I took these as the most appealing ones: She had left before he arrived. However, looking at it again, you're right - why is the past perfect used there? Fantasier, in my AmE, "By the time X, Y" is typically used to mean that event Y occurs before X. Well, a museum in the Philippines is helping people do just that. What experts cannot predict is whether we will be kinder, more caring people. FUTURE PERFECT—PREDICTION They will have eaten dinner by the time we arrive. The by X time expression is followed by a noun phrase or a clause with active voice. The by X time phrase is not passivized. By this time next year, we will have rescued the complete film archive. it really means before the time By the time the rescue ship arrived the island, more than 20 sailors had died. By the way, there's no reason a VRSA gene getting into a GM crop is any more likely than it would into a "non-GM" crop, so the concern should be about VRSA and not GM, but that's a separate issue If it were done deliberately, we are then in a "James Bond evil antagonist and nucear weapons in space" type of plot :EEk:. Clean water will be one of the most valuable resources. The lesson had ended by the time I arrived. People hope that by the year 2100, many of our current problems will have being solved. this time of year Sunset varies throughout the year unless one lives near the equator. RELATIVE COMPLETION TIME By the time may be followed by a relative clause that modifies time by specifying the end or completion time. BY THE TIME By the time possibly before and up to X time is prepostional phrase that is followed by a clause that 1 relates a time-frame, for viewing the progress or completion of the activity in the main clause; 2 includes an activity having and an end-point. In some cases, the complement is required in order to make sense. Robots will continue to replace people in manufacturing; however, personal services will be in high demand. "The activity occurred up to this time. The expression is used to compare or estimate relative progress of one activity to another. Although valid I don't think I've ever heard 2 used in this kind of scenario. I've seen "by the time" to mean "not later than" when used as a prescription, like a contract from a teacher to a student: "You must be in your seat by the time of the bell or you will be sent to the principle. The lesson ended at the time I arrived. Edit 24 The boundaries between entertainment and education will disappear. Robots will continue to replace people in manufacturing; however, personal services will be in high demand. From birth to 18 months, she did not walk. Was this a hideout for German Nazi officers? But avoid …• By the time the police arrive, the men will have escaped. It's a little easier to talk about if we ground the sentences just a little more in terms of intended semantics. time point doing in this sequence? Provide details and share your research! ACTIVITY UP TO THIS TIME She crawled She did not walk until she was 18 months old. Local items such as food, clothing, and furniture with an "artisanal" touch will again be preferred over more polished, less expensive items produced by robots. FUTURE PASSIVE Future perfect may also be expressed as an activity with passive voice: 1 the "patient" "theme" of the activity becomes the subject of the clause; 2 the predicator changes to a passive verb form. I would have written "I'll probably have finished breakfast by the time the children get up". " continuing the sequential placement of events in a storyline. 2 A past verb form is used in the by-the-time phrase when the main clause expresses past perfect timing. standing in the future and looking at the other activity By this time next year, we will have restored all the animated films. WHEN When at X time is a preposition that is followed by a clause that 1 relates a point in time for viewing the progress or completion of the activity in the main clause; 2 includes an activity whose duration is relatively short or not of importance focus. I've seen "by the time" to mean "not later than" when used as a prescription, like a contract from a teacher to a student: "You must be in your seat by the time of the bell or you will be sent to the principle. " Personally I believe that digested simple past works better in the sentence than had digested past perfect. In fact, there could be a serious shortage. , but before then the two men had disappeared at 7 a. Edit 26 Robots will continue to replace people in manufacturing; however, personal services will be in high demand. By the time is used with past simple. Example: "By the time we turned on the TV, the movie had already started". Smoke was pouring out the windows of the house by the time the fire engine arrived. It would be absurd that you could leave and miss meeting him at exactly the same time he arrives. The start time is often not included but can be understood from context. Not until she was 95, did she have to use a wheelchair. By the time we arrived, the other guests were already there. Each artwork is created in such a way that when. Example: "By the time we we turned on the TV, the movie had already started". Will this hot, flat, and crowded world be "standing room only"?。 。 。 。 。 。

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